Fort Campbell KY and Fort Knox KY no longer maintain medical helicopters for 24/7 deployment to assist in normal medical emergencies, wrecks, etc.
The Installation Commanders still have Immediate Response Authority allowing them to deploy their available resources in support of disasters such as airline crashes, tornadoes, train and bus crashes, etc. This Response Authority is for a limited time only, the maximum being about 72 hours.
Defense Support to Civil Authorities (DSCA) is directed by the Secretary of Defense, and involves all Department of Defense (DOD) components. DOD may use any of it’s resources in response to requests for assistance.
Requests for Assistance are initiated at the county level by the appropriate authorities, proceed through the state government emergency management agency to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to the President. Upon approval the Defense Coordinating Officer (DCO) will deploy his Defense Coordinating Element (DCE) to the scene to coordinate the federal support and start deployment of DOD resources to mitigate the disaster.
WHO PROVIDES THE CIVILIAN SUPPORT?
The all-volunteer MAST Coordinating Committee includes doctors, civil defense directors, hospital administrators, health planners, law enforcement officers, representatives of the media and state government, and others interested in improvement of emergency medical services. The Committee is funded by tax exempt donations to a non-profit cooperation, “TIKI MAST, Inc.” This unique service is provided free of charge and all tax-free donations are gratefully accepted.
HOW LONG HAS THE SERVICE BEEN AVAILABLE AND WHAT TYPE MISSIONS HAVE BEEN FLOWN?
MAST has been available in this four-state area since November 1974. Nearly 1900 MAST missions have been flown. Patients included premature infants, burn victims, kidney patients, cardiac patients and many other serious ailments. Units of blood, organs for transplant, and medical equipment have been flown to the hospitals where they were urgently needed.